SAINT STEPHEN OF HUNGARY
St. Stephen of Hungary (975-
Feast Day: August 16
Patron Saint of: Hungary
St. Stephen’s goal was to mold the warring Magyar tribes into an independent Christian kingdom. He made this dream a reality in his lifetime. For his coronation Pope Sylvester II sent him the famous Holy Crown of St. Stephen. This priceless symbol of nationhood was spirited out of Hungary during World War II to keep it from the hands of the Germans and Soviets. It was kept in Fort Knox, Kentucky until its ceremonious return in 1978 by President Jimmy Carter.
Besides establishing Christianity with its churches and monasteries, St. Stephen was responsible for a new system of government, widespread reform, and a new legal code. His concern for the poor was such that he personally would go out in disguise to give alms and see things for himself. On one occasion he was mugged while doing this, but took it in good humor. His assailants never knew they had attacked the King.
SAINT MARGARET OF HUNGARY CHURCH
1921 ST. MARGARET OF HUNGARY PARISH, ORANGE VILLAGE
IN THE YEARS immediately preceding the the United States' entry into the First World War, a growing number of firstand second-
On August 17, 1919, the congregation celebrated its first Mass in the chapel of St. Mary Orphanage. The Diocese elevated the community to parochial status on December 15, 1921, appointing Father Ernest Rickert its first pastor. Father Rickert, who emigrated from Hungary while still a seminarian, finished his studies and was ordained in the Catholic Diocese of St. Paul, Minnesota.
By May 1922, construction was underway on both a church and hall. On September 17, 1922, the community's new church was dedicated. Two years later, the parish welcomed Bishop Stephen Zadravecz, a military chaplain with the Hungarian Army, who conducted a two week mission and confirmed 375 members of the community—the largest single confirmation class in the history of the parish. Recognizing the educational needs of the parish's children, Father Rickert secured the services of the Social Mission Sisters of the Holy Ghost, who taught religion classes at the parish until 1929. In the ten years since it first petitioned the Diocese for a parish, the Hungarian-
During his lengthy pastorate, Father Koller earned the title "Father of all Hungarian Immigrants." Born in Kassa, Hungary, Father Koller arrived in the CD United States on the eve of the First World War. Taking up responsibility for the new buildings, Father Koller supervised the construction of a twelve-
Pope Pius XII canonized Princess Margaret of Hungary, thus allowing the parish officially to claim her as its patron saint in 1945. In the twenty years following the end of the Second World War, the United States experienced dramatic demographic changes, with large numbers of former city residents moving to the suburbs. Cleveland was no exception. By the time Father John B. Mundweil began his two-
In August 1972, the parish welcomed its new pastor, Father Ladislaus Rosko, who was born in Kassa, Hungary and ordained in West Germany. After years of consideration, Father Rosko and the members of St. Margaret of Hungary Parish dismantled the altar and removed the picturesque stained-